Kernel  |  3.3

下载     查看原文件
C++程序  |  407行  |  11.78 KB

#include <linux/auxvec.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/threads.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/prio_tree.h>
#include <linux/rbtree.h>
#include <linux/rwsem.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/cpumask.h>
#include <linux/page-debug-flags.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/mmu.h>


struct address_space;


 * Each physical page in the system has a struct page associated with
 * it to keep track of whatever it is we are using the page for at the
 * moment. Note that we have no way to track which tasks are using
 * a page, though if it is a pagecache page, rmap structures can tell us
 * who is mapping it.
 * The objects in struct page are organized in double word blocks in
 * order to allows us to use atomic double word operations on portions
 * of struct page. That is currently only used by slub but the arrangement
 * allows the use of atomic double word operations on the flags/mapping
 * and lru list pointers also.
struct page {
	/* First double word block */
	unsigned long flags;		/* Atomic flags, some possibly
					 * updated asynchronously */
	struct address_space *mapping;	/* If low bit clear, points to
					 * inode address_space, or NULL.
					 * If page mapped as anonymous
					 * memory, low bit is set, and
					 * it points to anon_vma object:
					 * see PAGE_MAPPING_ANON below.
	/* Second double word */
	struct {
		union {
			pgoff_t index;		/* Our offset within mapping. */
			void *freelist;		/* slub first free object */

		union {
			/* Used for cmpxchg_double in slub */
			unsigned long counters;

			struct {

				union {
					 * Count of ptes mapped in
					 * mms, to show when page is
					 * mapped & limit reverse map
					 * searches.
					 * Used also for tail pages
					 * refcounting instead of
					 * _count. Tail pages cannot
					 * be mapped and keeping the
					 * tail page _count zero at
					 * all times guarantees
					 * get_page_unless_zero() will
					 * never succeed on tail
					 * pages.
					atomic_t _mapcount;

					struct {
						unsigned inuse:16;
						unsigned objects:15;
						unsigned frozen:1;
				atomic_t _count;		/* Usage count, see below. */

	/* Third double word block */
	union {
		struct list_head lru;	/* Pageout list, eg. active_list
					 * protected by zone->lru_lock !
		struct {		/* slub per cpu partial pages */
			struct page *next;	/* Next partial slab */
#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
			int pages;	/* Nr of partial slabs left */
			int pobjects;	/* Approximate # of objects */
			short int pages;
			short int pobjects;

	/* Remainder is not double word aligned */
	union {
		unsigned long private;		/* Mapping-private opaque data:
					 	 * usually used for buffer_heads
						 * if PagePrivate set; used for
						 * swp_entry_t if PageSwapCache;
						 * indicates order in the buddy
						 * system if PG_buddy is set.
		spinlock_t ptl;
		struct kmem_cache *slab;	/* SLUB: Pointer to slab */
		struct page *first_page;	/* Compound tail pages */

	 * On machines where all RAM is mapped into kernel address space,
	 * we can simply calculate the virtual address. On machines with
	 * highmem some memory is mapped into kernel virtual memory
	 * dynamically, so we need a place to store that address.
	 * Note that this field could be 16 bits on x86 ... ;)
	 * Architectures with slow multiplication can define
	 * WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL in asm/page.h
#if defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL)
	void *virtual;			/* Kernel virtual address (NULL if
					   not kmapped, ie. highmem) */
#endif /* WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL */
	unsigned long debug_flags;	/* Use atomic bitops on this */

	 * kmemcheck wants to track the status of each byte in a page; this
	 * is a pointer to such a status block. NULL if not tracked.
	void *shadow;
 * The struct page can be forced to be double word aligned so that atomic ops
 * on double words work. The SLUB allocator can make use of such a feature.
	__aligned(2 * sizeof(unsigned long))

struct page_frag {
	struct page *page;
#if (BITS_PER_LONG > 32) || (PAGE_SIZE >= 65536)
	__u32 offset;
	__u32 size;
	__u16 offset;
	__u16 size;

typedef unsigned long __nocast vm_flags_t;

 * A region containing a mapping of a non-memory backed file under NOMMU
 * conditions.  These are held in a global tree and are pinned by the VMAs that
 * map parts of them.
struct vm_region {
	struct rb_node	vm_rb;		/* link in global region tree */
	vm_flags_t	vm_flags;	/* VMA vm_flags */
	unsigned long	vm_start;	/* start address of region */
	unsigned long	vm_end;		/* region initialised to here */
	unsigned long	vm_top;		/* region allocated to here */
	unsigned long	vm_pgoff;	/* the offset in vm_file corresponding to vm_start */
	struct file	*vm_file;	/* the backing file or NULL */

	int		vm_usage;	/* region usage count (access under nommu_region_sem) */
	bool		vm_icache_flushed : 1; /* true if the icache has been flushed for
						* this region */

 * This struct defines a memory VMM memory area. There is one of these
 * per VM-area/task.  A VM area is any part of the process virtual memory
 * space that has a special rule for the page-fault handlers (ie a shared
 * library, the executable area etc).
struct vm_area_struct {
	struct mm_struct * vm_mm;	/* The address space we belong to. */
	unsigned long vm_start;		/* Our start address within vm_mm. */
	unsigned long vm_end;		/* The first byte after our end address
					   within vm_mm. */

	/* linked list of VM areas per task, sorted by address */
	struct vm_area_struct *vm_next, *vm_prev;

	pgprot_t vm_page_prot;		/* Access permissions of this VMA. */
	unsigned long vm_flags;		/* Flags, see mm.h. */

	struct rb_node vm_rb;

	 * For areas with an address space and backing store,
	 * linkage into the address_space->i_mmap prio tree, or
	 * linkage to the list of like vmas hanging off its node, or
	 * linkage of vma in the address_space->i_mmap_nonlinear list.
	union {
		struct {
			struct list_head list;
			void *parent;	/* aligns with prio_tree_node parent */
			struct vm_area_struct *head;
		} vm_set;

		struct raw_prio_tree_node prio_tree_node;
	} shared;

	 * A file's MAP_PRIVATE vma can be in both i_mmap tree and anon_vma
	 * list, after a COW of one of the file pages.	A MAP_SHARED vma
	 * can only be in the i_mmap tree.  An anonymous MAP_PRIVATE, stack
	 * or brk vma (with NULL file) can only be in an anon_vma list.
	struct list_head anon_vma_chain; /* Serialized by mmap_sem &
					  * page_table_lock */
	struct anon_vma *anon_vma;	/* Serialized by page_table_lock */

	/* Function pointers to deal with this struct. */
	const struct vm_operations_struct *vm_ops;

	/* Information about our backing store: */
	unsigned long vm_pgoff;		/* Offset (within vm_file) in PAGE_SIZE
					   units, *not* PAGE_CACHE_SIZE */
	struct file * vm_file;		/* File we map to (can be NULL). */
	void * vm_private_data;		/* was vm_pte (shared mem) */

#ifndef CONFIG_MMU
	struct vm_region *vm_region;	/* NOMMU mapping region */
	struct mempolicy *vm_policy;	/* NUMA policy for the VMA */

struct core_thread {
	struct task_struct *task;
	struct core_thread *next;

struct core_state {
	atomic_t nr_threads;
	struct core_thread dumper;
	struct completion startup;

enum {

/* per-thread cached information, */
struct task_rss_stat {
	int events;	/* for synchronization threshold */
	int count[NR_MM_COUNTERS];
#endif /* USE_SPLIT_PTLOCKS */

struct mm_rss_stat {
	atomic_long_t count[NR_MM_COUNTERS];

struct mm_struct {
	struct vm_area_struct * mmap;		/* list of VMAs */
	struct rb_root mm_rb;
	struct vm_area_struct * mmap_cache;	/* last find_vma result */
	unsigned long (*get_unmapped_area) (struct file *filp,
				unsigned long addr, unsigned long len,
				unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags);
	void (*unmap_area) (struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr);
	unsigned long mmap_base;		/* base of mmap area */
	unsigned long task_size;		/* size of task vm space */
	unsigned long cached_hole_size; 	/* if non-zero, the largest hole below free_area_cache */
	unsigned long free_area_cache;		/* first hole of size cached_hole_size or larger */
	pgd_t * pgd;
	atomic_t mm_users;			/* How many users with user space? */
	atomic_t mm_count;			/* How many references to "struct mm_struct" (users count as 1) */
	int map_count;				/* number of VMAs */

	spinlock_t page_table_lock;		/* Protects page tables and some counters */
	struct rw_semaphore mmap_sem;

	struct list_head mmlist;		/* List of maybe swapped mm's.	These are globally strung
						 * together off init_mm.mmlist, and are protected
						 * by mmlist_lock

	unsigned long hiwater_rss;	/* High-watermark of RSS usage */
	unsigned long hiwater_vm;	/* High-water virtual memory usage */

	unsigned long total_vm;		/* Total pages mapped */
	unsigned long locked_vm;	/* Pages that have PG_mlocked set */
	unsigned long pinned_vm;	/* Refcount permanently increased */
	unsigned long shared_vm;	/* Shared pages (files) */
	unsigned long exec_vm;		/* VM_EXEC & ~VM_WRITE */
	unsigned long stack_vm;		/* VM_GROWSUP/DOWN */
	unsigned long reserved_vm;	/* VM_RESERVED|VM_IO pages */
	unsigned long def_flags;
	unsigned long nr_ptes;		/* Page table pages */
	unsigned long start_code, end_code, start_data, end_data;
	unsigned long start_brk, brk, start_stack;
	unsigned long arg_start, arg_end, env_start, env_end;

	unsigned long saved_auxv[AT_VECTOR_SIZE]; /* for /proc/PID/auxv */

	 * Special counters, in some configurations protected by the
	 * page_table_lock, in other configurations by being atomic.
	struct mm_rss_stat rss_stat;

	struct linux_binfmt *binfmt;

	cpumask_var_t cpu_vm_mask_var;

	/* Architecture-specific MM context */
	mm_context_t context;

	/* Swap token stuff */
	 * Last value of global fault stamp as seen by this process.
	 * In other words, this value gives an indication of how long
	 * it has been since this task got the token.
	 * Look at mm/thrash.c
	unsigned int faultstamp;
	unsigned int token_priority;
	unsigned int last_interval;

	unsigned long flags; /* Must use atomic bitops to access the bits */

	struct core_state *core_state; /* coredumping support */
	spinlock_t		ioctx_lock;
	struct hlist_head	ioctx_list;
	 * "owner" points to a task that is regarded as the canonical
	 * user/owner of this mm. All of the following must be true in
	 * order for it to be changed:
	 * current == mm->owner
	 * current->mm != mm
	 * new_owner->mm == mm
	 * new_owner->alloc_lock is held
	struct task_struct __rcu *owner;

	/* store ref to file /proc/<pid>/exe symlink points to */
	struct file *exe_file;
	unsigned long num_exe_file_vmas;
	struct mmu_notifier_mm *mmu_notifier_mm;
	pgtable_t pmd_huge_pte; /* protected by page_table_lock */
	struct cpumask cpumask_allocation;

static inline void mm_init_cpumask(struct mm_struct *mm)
	mm->cpu_vm_mask_var = &mm->cpumask_allocation;

/* Future-safe accessor for struct mm_struct's cpu_vm_mask. */
static inline cpumask_t *mm_cpumask(struct mm_struct *mm)
	return mm->cpu_vm_mask_var;

#endif /* _LINUX_MM_TYPES_H */