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#ifndef _LINUX_MM_H
#define _LINUX_MM_H

#include <linux/errno.h>

#ifdef __KERNEL__

#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/mmzone.h>
#include <linux/rbtree.h>
#include <linux/prio_tree.h>
#include <linux/atomic.h>
#include <linux/debug_locks.h>
#include <linux/mm_types.h>
#include <linux/range.h>
#include <linux/pfn.h>
#include <linux/bit_spinlock.h>
#include <linux/shrinker.h>

struct mempolicy;
struct anon_vma;
struct file_ra_state;
struct user_struct;
struct writeback_control;

#ifndef CONFIG_DISCONTIGMEM          /* Don't use mapnrs, do it properly */
extern unsigned long max_mapnr;

extern unsigned long num_physpages;
extern unsigned long totalram_pages;
extern void * high_memory;
extern int page_cluster;

extern int sysctl_legacy_va_layout;
#define sysctl_legacy_va_layout 0

#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>

#define nth_page(page,n) pfn_to_page(page_to_pfn((page)) + (n))

/* to align the pointer to the (next) page boundary */
#define PAGE_ALIGN(addr) ALIGN(addr, PAGE_SIZE)

 * Linux kernel virtual memory manager primitives.
 * The idea being to have a "virtual" mm in the same way
 * we have a virtual fs - giving a cleaner interface to the
 * mm details, and allowing different kinds of memory mappings
 * (from shared memory to executable loading to arbitrary
 * mmap() functions).

extern struct kmem_cache *vm_area_cachep;

#ifndef CONFIG_MMU
extern struct rb_root nommu_region_tree;
extern struct rw_semaphore nommu_region_sem;

extern unsigned int kobjsize(const void *objp);

 * vm_flags in vm_area_struct, see mm_types.h.
#define VM_READ		0x00000001	/* currently active flags */
#define VM_WRITE	0x00000002
#define VM_EXEC		0x00000004
#define VM_SHARED	0x00000008

/* mprotect() hardcodes VM_MAYREAD >> 4 == VM_READ, and so for r/w/x bits. */
#define VM_MAYREAD	0x00000010	/* limits for mprotect() etc */
#define VM_MAYWRITE	0x00000020
#define VM_MAYEXEC	0x00000040
#define VM_MAYSHARE	0x00000080

#define VM_GROWSDOWN	0x00000100	/* general info on the segment */
#if defined(CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP) || defined(CONFIG_IA64)
#define VM_GROWSUP	0x00000200
#define VM_GROWSUP	0x00000000
#define VM_NOHUGEPAGE	0x00000200	/* MADV_NOHUGEPAGE marked this vma */
#define VM_PFNMAP	0x00000400	/* Page-ranges managed without "struct page", just pure PFN */
#define VM_DENYWRITE	0x00000800	/* ETXTBSY on write attempts.. */

#define VM_EXECUTABLE	0x00001000
#define VM_LOCKED	0x00002000
#define VM_IO           0x00004000	/* Memory mapped I/O or similar */

					/* Used by sys_madvise() */
#define VM_SEQ_READ	0x00008000	/* App will access data sequentially */
#define VM_RAND_READ	0x00010000	/* App will not benefit from clustered reads */

#define VM_DONTCOPY	0x00020000      /* Do not copy this vma on fork */
#define VM_DONTEXPAND	0x00040000	/* Cannot expand with mremap() */
#define VM_RESERVED	0x00080000	/* Count as reserved_vm like IO */
#define VM_ACCOUNT	0x00100000	/* Is a VM accounted object */
#define VM_NORESERVE	0x00200000	/* should the VM suppress accounting */
#define VM_HUGETLB	0x00400000	/* Huge TLB Page VM */
#define VM_NONLINEAR	0x00800000	/* Is non-linear (remap_file_pages) */
#define VM_MAPPED_COPY	0x01000000	/* T if mapped copy of data (nommu mmap) */
#define VM_HUGEPAGE	0x01000000	/* MADV_HUGEPAGE marked this vma */
#define VM_INSERTPAGE	0x02000000	/* The vma has had "vm_insert_page()" done on it */
#define VM_ALWAYSDUMP	0x04000000	/* Always include in core dumps */

#define VM_CAN_NONLINEAR 0x08000000	/* Has ->fault & does nonlinear pages */
#define VM_MIXEDMAP	0x10000000	/* Can contain "struct page" and pure PFN pages */
#define VM_SAO		0x20000000	/* Strong Access Ordering (powerpc) */
#define VM_PFN_AT_MMAP	0x40000000	/* PFNMAP vma that is fully mapped at mmap time */
#define VM_MERGEABLE	0x80000000	/* KSM may merge identical pages */

/* Bits set in the VMA until the stack is in its final location */

#ifndef VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS		/* arch can override this */


#define VM_ClearReadHint(v)		(v)->vm_flags &= ~VM_READHINTMASK
#define VM_NormalReadHint(v)		(!((v)->vm_flags & VM_READHINTMASK))
#define VM_SequentialReadHint(v)	((v)->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ)
#define VM_RandomReadHint(v)		((v)->vm_flags & VM_RAND_READ)

 * Special vmas that are non-mergable, non-mlock()able.
 * Note: mm/huge_memory.c VM_NO_THP depends on this definition.

 * mapping from the currently active vm_flags protection bits (the
 * low four bits) to a page protection mask..
extern pgprot_t protection_map[16];

#define FAULT_FLAG_WRITE	0x01	/* Fault was a write access */
#define FAULT_FLAG_NONLINEAR	0x02	/* Fault was via a nonlinear mapping */
#define FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE	0x04	/* Fault was mkwrite of existing pte */
#define FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY	0x08	/* Retry fault if blocking */
#define FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT	0x10	/* Don't drop mmap_sem and wait when retrying */
#define FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE	0x20	/* The fault task is in SIGKILL killable region */

 * This interface is used by x86 PAT code to identify a pfn mapping that is
 * linear over entire vma. This is to optimize PAT code that deals with
 * marking the physical region with a particular prot. This is not for generic
 * mm use. Note also that this check will not work if the pfn mapping is
 * linear for a vma starting at physical address 0. In which case PAT code
 * falls back to slow path of reserving physical range page by page.
static inline int is_linear_pfn_mapping(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
	return !!(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFN_AT_MMAP);

static inline int is_pfn_mapping(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
	return !!(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP);

 * vm_fault is filled by the the pagefault handler and passed to the vma's
 * ->fault function. The vma's ->fault is responsible for returning a bitmask
 * of VM_FAULT_xxx flags that give details about how the fault was handled.
 * pgoff should be used in favour of virtual_address, if possible. If pgoff
 * is used, one may set VM_CAN_NONLINEAR in the vma->vm_flags to get nonlinear
 * mapping support.
struct vm_fault {
	unsigned int flags;		/* FAULT_FLAG_xxx flags */
	pgoff_t pgoff;			/* Logical page offset based on vma */
	void __user *virtual_address;	/* Faulting virtual address */

	struct page *page;		/* ->fault handlers should return a
					 * page here, unless VM_FAULT_NOPAGE
					 * is set (which is also implied by
					 * VM_FAULT_ERROR).

 * These are the virtual MM functions - opening of an area, closing and
 * unmapping it (needed to keep files on disk up-to-date etc), pointer
 * to the functions called when a no-page or a wp-page exception occurs. 
struct vm_operations_struct {
	void (*open)(struct vm_area_struct * area);
	void (*close)(struct vm_area_struct * area);
	int (*fault)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf);

	/* notification that a previously read-only page is about to become
	 * writable, if an error is returned it will cause a SIGBUS */
	int (*page_mkwrite)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf);

	/* called by access_process_vm when get_user_pages() fails, typically
	 * for use by special VMAs that can switch between memory and hardware
	int (*access)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
		      void *buf, int len, int write);
	 * set_policy() op must add a reference to any non-NULL @new mempolicy
	 * to hold the policy upon return.  Caller should pass NULL @new to
	 * remove a policy and fall back to surrounding context--i.e. do not
	 * install a MPOL_DEFAULT policy, nor the task or system default
	 * mempolicy.
	int (*set_policy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *new);

	 * get_policy() op must add reference [mpol_get()] to any policy at
	 * (vma,addr) marked as MPOL_SHARED.  The shared policy infrastructure
	 * in mm/mempolicy.c will do this automatically.
	 * get_policy() must NOT add a ref if the policy at (vma,addr) is not
	 * marked as MPOL_SHARED. vma policies are protected by the mmap_sem.
	 * If no [shared/vma] mempolicy exists at the addr, get_policy() op
	 * must return NULL--i.e., do not "fallback" to task or system default
	 * policy.
	struct mempolicy *(*get_policy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
					unsigned long addr);
	int (*migrate)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, const nodemask_t *from,
		const nodemask_t *to, unsigned long flags);

struct mmu_gather;
struct inode;

#define page_private(page)		((page)->private)
#define set_page_private(page, v)	((page)->private = (v))

 * FIXME: take this include out, include page-flags.h in
 * files which need it (119 of them)
#include <linux/page-flags.h>
#include <linux/huge_mm.h>

 * Methods to modify the page usage count.
 * What counts for a page usage:
 * - cache mapping   (page->mapping)
 * - private data    (page->private)
 * - page mapped in a task's page tables, each mapping
 *   is counted separately
 * Also, many kernel routines increase the page count before a critical
 * routine so they can be sure the page doesn't go away from under them.

 * Drop a ref, return true if the refcount fell to zero (the page has no users)
static inline int put_page_testzero(struct page *page)
	VM_BUG_ON(atomic_read(&page->_count) == 0);
	return atomic_dec_and_test(&page->_count);

 * Try to grab a ref unless the page has a refcount of zero, return false if
 * that is the case.
static inline int get_page_unless_zero(struct page *page)
	return atomic_inc_not_zero(&page->_count);

extern int page_is_ram(unsigned long pfn);

/* Support for virtually mapped pages */
struct page *vmalloc_to_page(const void *addr);
unsigned long vmalloc_to_pfn(const void *addr);

 * Determine if an address is within the vmalloc range
 * On nommu, vmalloc/vfree wrap through kmalloc/kfree directly, so there
 * is no special casing required.
static inline int is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x)
	unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)x;

	return addr >= VMALLOC_START && addr < VMALLOC_END;
	return 0;
extern int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x);
static inline int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x)
	return 0;

static inline void compound_lock(struct page *page)
	bit_spin_lock(PG_compound_lock, &page->flags);

static inline void compound_unlock(struct page *page)
	bit_spin_unlock(PG_compound_lock, &page->flags);

static inline unsigned long compound_lock_irqsave(struct page *page)
	unsigned long uninitialized_var(flags);
	return flags;

static inline void compound_unlock_irqrestore(struct page *page,
					      unsigned long flags)

static inline struct page *compound_head(struct page *page)
	if (unlikely(PageTail(page)))
		return page->first_page;
	return page;

 * The atomic page->_mapcount, starts from -1: so that transitions
 * both from it and to it can be tracked, using atomic_inc_and_test
 * and atomic_add_negative(-1).
static inline void reset_page_mapcount(struct page *page)
	atomic_set(&(page)->_mapcount, -1);

static inline int page_mapcount(struct page *page)
	return atomic_read(&(page)->_mapcount) + 1;

static inline int page_count(struct page *page)
	return atomic_read(&compound_head(page)->_count);

static inline void get_huge_page_tail(struct page *page)
	 * __split_huge_page_refcount() cannot run
	 * from under us.
	VM_BUG_ON(page_mapcount(page) < 0);
	VM_BUG_ON(atomic_read(&page->_count) != 0);

extern bool __get_page_tail(struct page *page);

static inline void get_page(struct page *page)
	if (unlikely(PageTail(page)))
		if (likely(__get_page_tail(page)))
	 * Getting a normal page or the head of a compound page
	 * requires to already have an elevated page->_count.
	VM_BUG_ON(atomic_read(&page->_count) <= 0);

static inline struct page *virt_to_head_page(const void *x)
	struct page *page = virt_to_page(x);
	return compound_head(page);

 * Setup the page count before being freed into the page allocator for
 * the first time (boot or memory hotplug)
static inline void init_page_count(struct page *page)
	atomic_set(&page->_count, 1);

 * PageBuddy() indicate that the page is free and in the buddy system
 * (see mm/page_alloc.c).
 * PAGE_BUDDY_MAPCOUNT_VALUE must be <= -2 but better not too close to
 * -2 so that an underflow of the page_mapcount() won't be mistaken
 * for a genuine PAGE_BUDDY_MAPCOUNT_VALUE. -128 can be created very
 * efficiently by most CPU architectures.

static inline int PageBuddy(struct page *page)
	return atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) == PAGE_BUDDY_MAPCOUNT_VALUE;

static inline void __SetPageBuddy(struct page *page)
	VM_BUG_ON(atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) != -1);
	atomic_set(&page->_mapcount, PAGE_BUDDY_MAPCOUNT_VALUE);

static inline void __ClearPageBuddy(struct page *page)
	atomic_set(&page->_mapcount, -1);

void put_page(struct page *page);
void put_pages_list(struct list_head *pages);

void split_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
int split_free_page(struct page *page);

 * Compound pages have a destructor function.  Provide a
 * prototype for that function and accessor functions.
 * These are _only_ valid on the head of a PG_compound page.
typedef void compound_page_dtor(struct page *);

static inline void set_compound_page_dtor(struct page *page,
						compound_page_dtor *dtor)
	page[1] = (void *)dtor;

static inline compound_page_dtor *get_compound_page_dtor(struct page *page)
	return (compound_page_dtor *)page[1];

static inline int compound_order(struct page *page)
	if (!PageHead(page))
		return 0;
	return (unsigned long)page[1].lru.prev;

static inline int compound_trans_order(struct page *page)
	int order;
	unsigned long flags;

	if (!PageHead(page))
		return 0;

	flags = compound_lock_irqsave(page);
	order = compound_order(page);
	compound_unlock_irqrestore(page, flags);
	return order;

static inline void set_compound_order(struct page *page, unsigned long order)
	page[1].lru.prev = (void *)order;

 * Do pte_mkwrite, but only if the vma says VM_WRITE.  We do this when
 * servicing faults for write access.  In the normal case, do always want
 * pte_mkwrite.  But get_user_pages can cause write faults for mappings
 * that do not have writing enabled, when used by access_process_vm.
static inline pte_t maybe_mkwrite(pte_t pte, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
	if (likely(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))
		pte = pte_mkwrite(pte);
	return pte;

 * Multiple processes may "see" the same page. E.g. for untouched
 * mappings of /dev/null, all processes see the same page full of
 * zeroes, and text pages of executables and shared libraries have
 * only one copy in memory, at most, normally.
 * For the non-reserved pages, page_count(page) denotes a reference count.
 *   page_count() == 0 means the page is free. page->lru is then used for
 *   freelist management in the buddy allocator.
 *   page_count() > 0  means the page has been allocated.
 * Pages are allocated by the slab allocator in order to provide memory
 * to kmalloc and kmem_cache_alloc. In this case, the management of the
 * page, and the fields in 'struct page' are the responsibility of mm/slab.c
 * unless a particular usage is carefully commented. (the responsibility of
 * freeing the kmalloc memory is the caller's, of course).
 * A page may be used by anyone else who does a __get_free_page().
 * In this case, page_count still tracks the references, and should only
 * be used through the normal accessor functions. The top bits of page->flags
 * and page->virtual store page management information, but all other fields
 * are unused and could be used privately, carefully. The management of this
 * page is the responsibility of the one who allocated it, and those who have
 * subsequently been given references to it.
 * The other pages (we may call them "pagecache pages") are completely
 * managed by the Linux memory manager: I/O, buffers, swapping etc.
 * The following discussion applies only to them.
 * A pagecache page contains an opaque `private' member, which belongs to the
 * page's address_space. Usually, this is the address of a circular list of
 * the page's disk buffers. PG_private must be set to tell the VM to call
 * into the filesystem to release these pages.
 * A page may belong to an inode's memory mapping. In this case, page->mapping
 * is the pointer to the inode, and page->index is the file offset of the page,
 * in units of PAGE_CACHE_SIZE.
 * If pagecache pages are not associated with an inode, they are said to be
 * anonymous pages. These may become associated with the swapcache, and in that
 * case PG_swapcache is set, and page->private is an offset into the swapcache.
 * In either case (swapcache or inode backed), the pagecache itself holds one
 * reference to the page. Setting PG_private should also increment the
 * refcount. The each user mapping also has a reference to the page.
 * The pagecache pages are stored in a per-mapping radix tree, which is
 * rooted at mapping->page_tree, and indexed by offset.
 * Where 2.4 and early 2.6 kernels kept dirty/clean pages in per-address_space
 * lists, we instead now tag pages as dirty/writeback in the radix tree.
 * All pagecache pages may be subject to I/O:
 * - inode pages may need to be read from disk,
 * - inode pages which have been modified and are MAP_SHARED may need
 *   to be written back to the inode on disk,
 * - anonymous pages (including MAP_PRIVATE file mappings) which have been
 *   modified may need to be swapped out to swap space and (later) to be read
 *   back into memory.

 * The zone field is never updated after free_area_init_core()
 * sets it, so none of the operations on it need to be atomic.

 * page->flags layout:
 * There are three possibilities for how page->flags get
 * laid out.  The first is for the normal case, without
 * sparsemem.  The second is for sparsemem when there is
 * plenty of space for node and section.  The last is when
 * we have run out of space and have to fall back to an
 * alternate (slower) way of determining the node.
 * No sparsemem or sparsemem vmemmap: |       NODE     | ZONE | ... | FLAGS |
 * classic sparse with space for node:| SECTION | NODE | ZONE | ... | FLAGS |
 * classic sparse no space for node:  | SECTION |     ZONE    | ... | FLAGS |


#error "Vmemmap: No space for nodes field in page flags"
#define NODES_WIDTH		0

/* Page flags: | [SECTION] | [NODE] | ZONE | ... | FLAGS | */
#define SECTIONS_PGOFF		((sizeof(unsigned long)*8) - SECTIONS_WIDTH)

 * We are going to use the flags for the page to node mapping if its in
 * there.  This includes the case where there is no node, so it is implicit.
#if !(NODES_WIDTH > 0 || NODES_SHIFT == 0)

 * Define the bit shifts to access each section.  For non-existent
 * sections we define the shift as 0; that plus a 0 mask ensures
 * the compiler will optimise away reference to them.

/* NODE:ZONE or SECTION:ZONE is used to ID a zone for the buddy allocator */



#define ZONES_MASK		((1UL << ZONES_WIDTH) - 1)
#define NODES_MASK		((1UL << NODES_WIDTH) - 1)
#define ZONEID_MASK		((1UL << ZONEID_SHIFT) - 1)

static inline enum zone_type page_zonenum(const struct page *page)
	return (page->flags >> ZONES_PGSHIFT) & ZONES_MASK;

 * The identification function is only used by the buddy allocator for
 * determining if two pages could be buddies. We are not really
 * identifying a zone since we could be using a the section number
 * id if we have not node id available in page flags.
 * We guarantee only that it will return the same value for two
 * combinable pages in a zone.
static inline int page_zone_id(struct page *page)
	return (page->flags >> ZONEID_PGSHIFT) & ZONEID_MASK;

static inline int zone_to_nid(struct zone *zone)
	return zone->node;
	return 0;

extern int page_to_nid(const struct page *page);
static inline int page_to_nid(const struct page *page)
	return (page->flags >> NODES_PGSHIFT) & NODES_MASK;

static inline struct zone *page_zone(const struct page *page)
	return &NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page))->node_zones[page_zonenum(page)];

static inline void set_page_section(struct page *page, unsigned long section)
	page->flags |= (section & SECTIONS_MASK) << SECTIONS_PGSHIFT;

static inline unsigned long page_to_section(const struct page *page)
	return (page->flags >> SECTIONS_PGSHIFT) & SECTIONS_MASK;

static inline void set_page_zone(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone)
	page->flags &= ~(ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT);
	page->flags |= (zone & ZONES_MASK) << ZONES_PGSHIFT;

static inline void set_page_node(struct page *page, unsigned long node)
	page->flags &= ~(NODES_MASK << NODES_PGSHIFT);
	page->flags |= (node & NODES_MASK) << NODES_PGSHIFT;

static inline void set_page_links(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone,
	unsigned long node, unsigned long pfn)
	set_page_zone(page, zone);
	set_page_node(page, node);
	set_page_section(page, pfn_to_section_nr(pfn));

 * Some inline functions in vmstat.h depend on page_zone()
#include <linux/vmstat.h>

static __always_inline void *lowmem_page_address(const struct page *page)
	return __va(PFN_PHYS(page_to_pfn(page)));

#if defined(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL)

#if defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL)
#define page_address(page) ((page)->virtual)
#define set_page_address(page, address)			\
	do {						\
		(page)->virtual = (address);		\
	} while(0)
#define page_address_init()  do { } while(0)

void *page_address(const struct page *page);
void set_page_address(struct page *page, void *virtual);
void page_address_init(void);

#if !defined(HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL)
#define page_address(page) lowmem_page_address(page)
#define set_page_address(page, address)  do { } while(0)
#define page_address_init()  do { } while(0)

 * On an anonymous page mapped into a user virtual memory area,
 * page->mapping points to its anon_vma, not to a struct address_space;
 * with the PAGE_MAPPING_ANON bit set to distinguish it.  See rmap.h.
 * On an anonymous page in a VM_MERGEABLE area, if CONFIG_KSM is enabled,
 * the PAGE_MAPPING_KSM bit may be set along with the PAGE_MAPPING_ANON bit;
 * and then page->mapping points, not to an anon_vma, but to a private
 * structure which KSM associates with that merged page.  See ksm.h.
 * PAGE_MAPPING_KSM without PAGE_MAPPING_ANON is currently never used.
 * Please note that, confusingly, "page_mapping" refers to the inode
 * address_space which maps the page from disk; whereas "page_mapped"
 * refers to user virtual address space into which the page is mapped.

extern struct address_space swapper_space;
static inline struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page)
	struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping;

	if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page)))
		mapping = &swapper_space;
	else if ((unsigned long)mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_ANON)
		mapping = NULL;
	return mapping;

/* Neutral page->mapping pointer to address_space or anon_vma or other */
static inline void *page_rmapping(struct page *page)
	return (void *)((unsigned long)page->mapping & ~PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS);

static inline int PageAnon(struct page *page)
	return ((unsigned long)page->mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_ANON) != 0;

 * Return the pagecache index of the passed page.  Regular pagecache pages
 * use ->index whereas swapcache pages use ->private
static inline pgoff_t page_index(struct page *page)
	if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page)))
		return page_private(page);
	return page->index;

 * Return true if this page is mapped into pagetables.
static inline int page_mapped(struct page *page)
	return atomic_read(&(page)->_mapcount) >= 0;

 * Different kinds of faults, as returned by handle_mm_fault().
 * Used to decide whether a process gets delivered SIGBUS or
 * just gets major/minor fault counters bumped up.

#define VM_FAULT_MINOR	0 /* For backwards compat. Remove me quickly. */

#define VM_FAULT_OOM	0x0001
#define VM_FAULT_SIGBUS	0x0002
#define VM_FAULT_MAJOR	0x0004
#define VM_FAULT_WRITE	0x0008	/* Special case for get_user_pages */
#define VM_FAULT_HWPOISON 0x0010	/* Hit poisoned small page */
#define VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE 0x0020  /* Hit poisoned large page. Index encoded in upper bits */

#define VM_FAULT_NOPAGE	0x0100	/* ->fault installed the pte, not return page */
#define VM_FAULT_LOCKED	0x0200	/* ->fault locked the returned page */
#define VM_FAULT_RETRY	0x0400	/* ->fault blocked, must retry */

#define VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE_MASK 0xf000 /* encodes hpage index for large hwpoison */


/* Encode hstate index for a hwpoisoned large page */
#define VM_FAULT_SET_HINDEX(x) ((x) << 12)
#define VM_FAULT_GET_HINDEX(x) (((x) >> 12) & 0xf)

 * Can be called by the pagefault handler when it gets a VM_FAULT_OOM.
extern void pagefault_out_of_memory(void);

#define offset_in_page(p)	((unsigned long)(p) & ~PAGE_MASK)

 * Flags passed to show_mem() and show_free_areas() to suppress output in
 * various contexts.
#define SHOW_MEM_FILTER_NODES	(0x0001u)	/* filter disallowed nodes */

extern void show_free_areas(unsigned int flags);
extern bool skip_free_areas_node(unsigned int flags, int nid);

int shmem_lock(struct file *file, int lock, struct user_struct *user);
struct file *shmem_file_setup(const char *name, loff_t size, unsigned long flags);
void shmem_set_file(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct file *file);
int shmem_zero_setup(struct vm_area_struct *);

extern int can_do_mlock(void);
extern int user_shm_lock(size_t, struct user_struct *);
extern void user_shm_unlock(size_t, struct user_struct *);

 * Parameter block passed down to zap_pte_range in exceptional cases.
struct zap_details {
	struct vm_area_struct *nonlinear_vma;	/* Check page->index if set */
	struct address_space *check_mapping;	/* Check page->mapping if set */
	pgoff_t	first_index;			/* Lowest page->index to unmap */
	pgoff_t last_index;			/* Highest page->index to unmap */

struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
		pte_t pte);

int zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
		unsigned long size);
unsigned long zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
		unsigned long size, struct zap_details *);
unsigned long unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
		struct vm_area_struct *start_vma, unsigned long start_addr,
		unsigned long end_addr, unsigned long *nr_accounted,
		struct zap_details *);

 * mm_walk - callbacks for walk_page_range
 * @pgd_entry: if set, called for each non-empty PGD (top-level) entry
 * @pud_entry: if set, called for each non-empty PUD (2nd-level) entry
 * @pmd_entry: if set, called for each non-empty PMD (3rd-level) entry
 *	       this handler is required to be able to handle
 *	       pmd_trans_huge() pmds.  They may simply choose to
 *	       split_huge_page() instead of handling it explicitly.
 * @pte_entry: if set, called for each non-empty PTE (4th-level) entry
 * @pte_hole: if set, called for each hole at all levels
 * @hugetlb_entry: if set, called for each hugetlb entry
 *		   *Caution*: The caller must hold mmap_sem() if @hugetlb_entry
 * 			      is used.
 * (see walk_page_range for more details)
struct mm_walk {
	int (*pgd_entry)(pgd_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, struct mm_walk *);
	int (*pud_entry)(pud_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, struct mm_walk *);
	int (*pmd_entry)(pmd_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, struct mm_walk *);
	int (*pte_entry)(pte_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, struct mm_walk *);
	int (*pte_hole)(unsigned long, unsigned long, struct mm_walk *);
	int (*hugetlb_entry)(pte_t *, unsigned long,
			     unsigned long, unsigned long, struct mm_walk *);
	struct mm_struct *mm;
	void *private;

int walk_page_range(unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
		struct mm_walk *walk);
void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr,
		unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling);
int copy_page_range(struct mm_struct *dst, struct mm_struct *src,
			struct vm_area_struct *vma);
void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping,
		loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows);
int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
	unsigned long *pfn);
int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
		unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys);
int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
			void *buf, int len, int write);

static inline void unmap_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping,
		loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen)
	unmap_mapping_range(mapping, holebegin, holelen, 0);

extern void truncate_pagecache(struct inode *inode, loff_t old, loff_t new);
extern void truncate_setsize(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize);
extern int vmtruncate(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset);
extern int vmtruncate_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t end);

int truncate_inode_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page);
int generic_error_remove_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page);

int invalidate_inode_page(struct page *page);

extern int handle_mm_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
			unsigned long address, unsigned int flags);
extern int fixup_user_fault(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
			    unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags);
static inline int handle_mm_fault(struct mm_struct *mm,
			struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
			unsigned int flags)
	/* should never happen if there's no MMU */
static inline int fixup_user_fault(struct task_struct *tsk,
		struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address,
		unsigned int fault_flags)
	/* should never happen if there's no MMU */
	return -EFAULT;

extern int make_pages_present(unsigned long addr, unsigned long end);
extern int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write);
extern int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
		void *buf, int len, int write);

int __get_user_pages(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
		     unsigned long start, int len, unsigned int foll_flags,
		     struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas,
		     int *nonblocking);
int get_user_pages(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
			unsigned long start, int nr_pages, int write, int force,
			struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas);
int get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, int write,
			struct page **pages);
struct page *get_dump_page(unsigned long addr);

extern int try_to_release_page(struct page * page, gfp_t gfp_mask);
extern void do_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned long offset);

int __set_page_dirty_nobuffers(struct page *page);
int __set_page_dirty_no_writeback(struct page *page);
int redirty_page_for_writepage(struct writeback_control *wbc,
				struct page *page);
void account_page_dirtied(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping);
void account_page_writeback(struct page *page);
int set_page_dirty(struct page *page);
int set_page_dirty_lock(struct page *page);
int clear_page_dirty_for_io(struct page *page);

/* Is the vma a continuation of the stack vma above it? */
static inline int vma_growsdown(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr)
	return vma && (vma->vm_end == addr) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN);

static inline int stack_guard_page_start(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
					     unsigned long addr)
	return (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN) &&
		(vma->vm_start == addr) &&
		!vma_growsdown(vma->vm_prev, addr);

/* Is the vma a continuation of the stack vma below it? */
static inline int vma_growsup(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr)
	return vma && (vma->vm_start == addr) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP);

static inline int stack_guard_page_end(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
					   unsigned long addr)
	return (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP) &&
		(vma->vm_end == addr) &&
		!vma_growsup(vma->vm_next, addr);

extern unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
		unsigned long old_addr, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma,
		unsigned long new_addr, unsigned long len);
extern unsigned long do_mremap(unsigned long addr,
			       unsigned long old_len, unsigned long new_len,
			       unsigned long flags, unsigned long new_addr);
extern int mprotect_fixup(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
			  struct vm_area_struct **pprev, unsigned long start,
			  unsigned long end, unsigned long newflags);

 * doesn't attempt to fault and will return short.
int __get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, int write,
			  struct page **pages);
 * per-process(per-mm_struct) statistics.
static inline void set_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long value)
	atomic_long_set(&mm->rss_stat.count[member], value);

unsigned long get_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member);
static inline unsigned long get_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member)
	return atomic_long_read(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]);

static inline void add_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long value)
	atomic_long_add(value, &mm->rss_stat.count[member]);

static inline void inc_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member)

static inline void dec_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member)

static inline unsigned long get_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm)
	return get_mm_counter(mm, MM_FILEPAGES) +
		get_mm_counter(mm, MM_ANONPAGES);

static inline unsigned long get_mm_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm)
	return max(mm->hiwater_rss, get_mm_rss(mm));

static inline unsigned long get_mm_hiwater_vm(struct mm_struct *mm)
	return max(mm->hiwater_vm, mm->total_vm);

static inline void update_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm)
	unsigned long _rss = get_mm_rss(mm);

	if ((mm)->hiwater_rss < _rss)
		(mm)->hiwater_rss = _rss;

static inline void update_hiwater_vm(struct mm_struct *mm)
	if (mm->hiwater_vm < mm->total_vm)
		mm->hiwater_vm = mm->total_vm;

static inline void setmax_mm_hiwater_rss(unsigned long *maxrss,
					 struct mm_struct *mm)
	unsigned long hiwater_rss = get_mm_hiwater_rss(mm);

	if (*maxrss < hiwater_rss)
		*maxrss = hiwater_rss;

void sync_mm_rss(struct task_struct *task, struct mm_struct *mm);
static inline void sync_mm_rss(struct task_struct *task, struct mm_struct *mm)

int vma_wants_writenotify(struct vm_area_struct *vma);

extern pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
			       spinlock_t **ptl);
static inline pte_t *get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
				    spinlock_t **ptl)
	pte_t *ptep;
	__cond_lock(*ptl, ptep = __get_locked_pte(mm, addr, ptl));
	return ptep;

static inline int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd,
						unsigned long address)
	return 0;
int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address);

static inline int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud,
						unsigned long address)
	return 0;
int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address);

int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
		pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address);
int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address);

 * The following ifdef needed to get the 4level-fixup.h header to work.
 * Remove it when 4level-fixup.h has been removed.
#if defined(CONFIG_MMU) && !defined(__ARCH_HAS_4LEVEL_HACK)
static inline pud_t *pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address)
	return (unlikely(pgd_none(*pgd)) && __pud_alloc(mm, pgd, address))?
		NULL: pud_offset(pgd, address);

static inline pmd_t *pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address)
	return (unlikely(pud_none(*pud)) && __pmd_alloc(mm, pud, address))?
		NULL: pmd_offset(pud, address);
#endif /* CONFIG_MMU && !__ARCH_HAS_4LEVEL_HACK */

 * We tuck a spinlock to guard each pagetable page into its struct page,
 * at page->private, with BUILD_BUG_ON to make sure that this will not
 * overflow into the next struct page (as it might with DEBUG_SPINLOCK).
 * When freeing, reset page->mapping so free_pages_check won't complain.
#define __pte_lockptr(page)	&((page)->ptl)
#define pte_lock_init(_page)	do {					\
	spin_lock_init(__pte_lockptr(_page));				\
} while (0)
#define pte_lock_deinit(page)	((page)->mapping = NULL)
#define pte_lockptr(mm, pmd)	({(void)(mm); __pte_lockptr(pmd_page(*(pmd)));})
#else	/* !USE_SPLIT_PTLOCKS */
 * We use mm->page_table_lock to guard all pagetable pages of the mm.
#define pte_lock_init(page)	do {} while (0)
#define pte_lock_deinit(page)	do {} while (0)
#define pte_lockptr(mm, pmd)	({(void)(pmd); &(mm)->page_table_lock;})
#endif /* USE_SPLIT_PTLOCKS */

static inline void pgtable_page_ctor(struct page *page)
	inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE);

static inline void pgtable_page_dtor(struct page *page)
	dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE);

#define pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp)	\
({							\
	spinlock_t *__ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd);	\
	pte_t *__pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, address);	\
	*(ptlp) = __ptl;				\
	spin_lock(__ptl);				\
	__pte;						\

#define pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl)	do {		\
	spin_unlock(ptl);				\
	pte_unmap(pte);					\
} while (0)

#define pte_alloc_map(mm, vma, pmd, address)				\
	((unlikely(pmd_none(*(pmd))) && __pte_alloc(mm, vma,	\
							pmd, address))?	\
	 NULL: pte_offset_map(pmd, address))

#define pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp)	\
	((unlikely(pmd_none(*(pmd))) && __pte_alloc(mm, NULL,	\
							pmd, address))?	\
		NULL: pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp))

#define pte_alloc_kernel(pmd, address)			\
	((unlikely(pmd_none(*(pmd))) && __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd, address))? \
		NULL: pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address))

extern void free_area_init(unsigned long * zones_size);
extern void free_area_init_node(int nid, unsigned long * zones_size,
		unsigned long zone_start_pfn, unsigned long *zholes_size);
 * With CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP set, an architecture may initialise its
 * zones, allocate the backing mem_map and account for memory holes in a more
 * architecture independent manner. This is a substitute for creating the
 * zone_sizes[] and zholes_size[] arrays and passing them to
 * free_area_init_node()
 * An architecture is expected to register range of page frames backed by
 * physical memory with memblock_add[_node]() before calling
 * free_area_init_nodes() passing in the PFN each zone ends at. At a basic
 * usage, an architecture is expected to do something like
 * unsigned long max_zone_pfns[MAX_NR_ZONES] = {max_dma, max_normal_pfn,
 * 							 max_highmem_pfn};
 * for_each_valid_physical_page_range()
 * 	memblock_add_node(base, size, nid)
 * free_area_init_nodes(max_zone_pfns);
 * free_bootmem_with_active_regions() calls free_bootmem_node() for each
 * registered physical page range.  Similarly
 * sparse_memory_present_with_active_regions() calls memory_present() for
 * each range when SPARSEMEM is enabled.
 * See mm/page_alloc.c for more information on each function exposed by
extern void free_area_init_nodes(unsigned long *max_zone_pfn);
unsigned long node_map_pfn_alignment(void);
unsigned long __absent_pages_in_range(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
						unsigned long end_pfn);
extern unsigned long absent_pages_in_range(unsigned long start_pfn,
						unsigned long end_pfn);
extern void get_pfn_range_for_nid(unsigned int nid,
			unsigned long *start_pfn, unsigned long *end_pfn);
extern unsigned long find_min_pfn_with_active_regions(void);
extern void free_bootmem_with_active_regions(int nid,
						unsigned long max_low_pfn);
int add_from_early_node_map(struct range *range, int az,
				   int nr_range, int nid);
extern void sparse_memory_present_with_active_regions(int nid);


static inline int __early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn)
	return 0;
/* please see mm/page_alloc.c */
extern int __meminit early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn);
/* there is a per-arch backend function. */
extern int __meminit __early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn);

extern void set_dma_reserve(unsigned long new_dma_reserve);
extern void memmap_init_zone(unsigned long, int, unsigned long,
				unsigned long, enum memmap_context);
extern void setup_per_zone_wmarks(void);
extern int __meminit init_per_zone_wmark_min(void);
extern void mem_init(void);
extern void __init mmap_init(void);
extern void show_mem(unsigned int flags);
extern void si_meminfo(struct sysinfo * val);
extern void si_meminfo_node(struct sysinfo *val, int nid);
extern int after_bootmem;

extern __printf(3, 4)
void warn_alloc_failed(gfp_t gfp_mask, int order, const char *fmt, ...);

extern void setup_per_cpu_pageset(void);

extern void zone_pcp_update(struct zone *zone);

/* nommu.c */
extern atomic_long_t mmap_pages_allocated;
extern int nommu_shrink_inode_mappings(struct inode *, size_t, size_t);

/* prio_tree.c */
void vma_prio_tree_add(struct vm_area_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *old);
void vma_prio_tree_insert(struct vm_area_struct *, struct prio_tree_root *);
void vma_prio_tree_remove(struct vm_area_struct *, struct prio_tree_root *);
struct vm_area_struct *vma_prio_tree_next(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
	struct prio_tree_iter *iter);

#define vma_prio_tree_foreach(vma, iter, root, begin, end)	\
	for (prio_tree_iter_init(iter, root, begin, end), vma = NULL;	\
		(vma = vma_prio_tree_next(vma, iter)); )

static inline void vma_nonlinear_insert(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
					struct list_head *list)
	vma->shared.vm_set.parent = NULL;
	list_add_tail(&vma->shared.vm_set.list, list);

/* mmap.c */
extern int __vm_enough_memory(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages, int cap_sys_admin);
extern int vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
	unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert);
extern struct vm_area_struct *vma_merge(struct mm_struct *,
	struct vm_area_struct *prev, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
	unsigned long vm_flags, struct anon_vma *, struct file *, pgoff_t,
	struct mempolicy *);
extern struct anon_vma *find_mergeable_anon_vma(struct vm_area_struct *);
extern int split_vma(struct mm_struct *,
	struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, int new_below);
extern int insert_vm_struct(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *);
extern void __vma_link_rb(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *,
	struct rb_node **, struct rb_node *);
extern void unlink_file_vma(struct vm_area_struct *);
extern struct vm_area_struct *copy_vma(struct vm_area_struct **,
	unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, pgoff_t pgoff);
extern void exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *);

extern int mm_take_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm);
extern void mm_drop_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm);

/* From fs/proc/base.c. callers must _not_ hold the mm's exe_file_lock */
extern void added_exe_file_vma(struct mm_struct *mm);
extern void removed_exe_file_vma(struct mm_struct *mm);
extern void set_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm, struct file *new_exe_file);
extern struct file *get_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm);

extern int may_expand_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long npages);
extern int install_special_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm,
				   unsigned long addr, unsigned long len,
				   unsigned long flags, struct page **pages);

extern unsigned long get_unmapped_area(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long);

extern unsigned long do_mmap_pgoff(struct file *file, unsigned long addr,
	unsigned long len, unsigned long prot,
	unsigned long flag, unsigned long pgoff);
extern unsigned long mmap_region(struct file *file, unsigned long addr,
	unsigned long len, unsigned long flags,
	vm_flags_t vm_flags, unsigned long pgoff);

static inline unsigned long do_mmap(struct file *file, unsigned long addr,
	unsigned long len, unsigned long prot,
	unsigned long flag, unsigned long offset)
	unsigned long ret = -EINVAL;
	if ((offset + PAGE_ALIGN(len)) < offset)
		goto out;
	if (!(offset & ~PAGE_MASK))
		ret = do_mmap_pgoff(file, addr, len, prot, flag, offset >> PAGE_SHIFT);
	return ret;

extern int do_munmap(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long, size_t);

extern unsigned long do_brk(unsigned long, unsigned long);

/* truncate.c */
extern void truncate_inode_pages(struct address_space *, loff_t);
extern void truncate_inode_pages_range(struct address_space *,
				       loff_t lstart, loff_t lend);

/* generic vm_area_ops exported for stackable file systems */
extern int filemap_fault(struct vm_area_struct *, struct vm_fault *);

/* mm/page-writeback.c */
int write_one_page(struct page *page, int wait);
void task_dirty_inc(struct task_struct *tsk);

/* readahead.c */
#define VM_MAX_READAHEAD	128	/* kbytes */
#define VM_MIN_READAHEAD	16	/* kbytes (includes current page) */

int force_page_cache_readahead(struct address_space *mapping, struct file *filp,
			pgoff_t offset, unsigned long nr_to_read);

void page_cache_sync_readahead(struct address_space *mapping,
			       struct file_ra_state *ra,
			       struct file *filp,
			       pgoff_t offset,
			       unsigned long size);

void page_cache_async_readahead(struct address_space *mapping,
				struct file_ra_state *ra,
				struct file *filp,
				struct page *pg,
				pgoff_t offset,
				unsigned long size);

unsigned long max_sane_readahead(unsigned long nr);
unsigned long ra_submit(struct file_ra_state *ra,
			struct address_space *mapping,
			struct file *filp);

/* Generic expand stack which grows the stack according to GROWS{UP,DOWN} */
extern int expand_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address);

/* CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP still needs to to grow downwards at some places */
extern int expand_downwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
		unsigned long address);
extern int expand_upwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address);
  #define expand_upwards(vma, address) do { } while (0)

/* Look up the first VMA which satisfies  addr < vm_end,  NULL if none. */
extern struct vm_area_struct * find_vma(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long addr);
extern struct vm_area_struct * find_vma_prev(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long addr,
					     struct vm_area_struct **pprev);

/* Look up the first VMA which intersects the interval start_addr..end_addr-1,
   NULL if none.  Assume start_addr < end_addr. */
static inline struct vm_area_struct * find_vma_intersection(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr)
	struct vm_area_struct * vma = find_vma(mm,start_addr);

	if (vma && end_addr <= vma->vm_start)
		vma = NULL;
	return vma;

static inline unsigned long vma_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
	return (vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;

/* Look up the first VMA which exactly match the interval vm_start ... vm_end */
static inline struct vm_area_struct *find_exact_vma(struct mm_struct *mm,
				unsigned long vm_start, unsigned long vm_end)
	struct vm_area_struct *vma = find_vma(mm, vm_start);

	if (vma && (vma->vm_start != vm_start || vma->vm_end != vm_end))
		vma = NULL;

	return vma;

pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags);
static inline pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags)
	return __pgprot(0);

struct vm_area_struct *find_extend_vma(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long addr);
int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr,
			unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t);
int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, struct page *);
int vm_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
			unsigned long pfn);
int vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
			unsigned long pfn);

struct page *follow_page(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long address,
			unsigned int foll_flags);
#define FOLL_WRITE	0x01	/* check pte is writable */
#define FOLL_TOUCH	0x02	/* mark page accessed */
#define FOLL_GET	0x04	/* do get_page on page */
#define FOLL_DUMP	0x08	/* give error on hole if it would be zero */
#define FOLL_FORCE	0x10	/* get_user_pages read/write w/o permission */
#define FOLL_NOWAIT	0x20	/* if a disk transfer is needed, start the IO
				 * and return without waiting upon it */
#define FOLL_MLOCK	0x40	/* mark page as mlocked */
#define FOLL_SPLIT	0x80	/* don't return transhuge pages, split them */
#define FOLL_HWPOISON	0x100	/* check page is hwpoisoned */

typedef int (*pte_fn_t)(pte_t *pte, pgtable_t token, unsigned long addr,
			void *data);
extern int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address,
			       unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data);

void vm_stat_account(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long, struct file *, long);
static inline void vm_stat_account(struct mm_struct *mm,
			unsigned long flags, struct file *file, long pages)
#endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */

extern void kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable);
extern bool kernel_page_present(struct page *page);
static inline void
kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) {}
static inline bool kernel_page_present(struct page *page) { return true; }

extern struct vm_area_struct *get_gate_vma(struct mm_struct *mm);
int in_gate_area_no_mm(unsigned long addr);
int in_gate_area(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr);
int in_gate_area_no_mm(unsigned long addr);
#define in_gate_area(mm, addr) ({(void)mm; in_gate_area_no_mm(addr);})
#endif	/* __HAVE_ARCH_GATE_AREA */

int drop_caches_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *, int,
					void __user *, size_t *, loff_t *);
unsigned long shrink_slab(struct shrink_control *shrink,
			  unsigned long nr_pages_scanned,
			  unsigned long lru_pages);

#ifndef CONFIG_MMU
#define randomize_va_space 0
extern int randomize_va_space;

const char * arch_vma_name(struct vm_area_struct *vma);
void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long rip);

void sparse_mem_maps_populate_node(struct page **map_map,
				   unsigned long pnum_begin,
				   unsigned long pnum_end,
				   unsigned long map_count,
				   int nodeid);

struct page *sparse_mem_map_populate(unsigned long pnum, int nid);
pgd_t *vmemmap_pgd_populate(unsigned long addr, int node);
pud_t *vmemmap_pud_populate(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, int node);
pmd_t *vmemmap_pmd_populate(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, int node);
pte_t *vmemmap_pte_populate(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, int node);
void *vmemmap_alloc_block(unsigned long size, int node);
void *vmemmap_alloc_block_buf(unsigned long size, int node);
void vmemmap_verify(pte_t *, int, unsigned long, unsigned long);
int vmemmap_populate_basepages(struct page *start_page,
						unsigned long pages, int node);
int vmemmap_populate(struct page *start_page, unsigned long pages, int node);
void vmemmap_populate_print_last(void);

enum mf_flags {
extern void memory_failure(unsigned long pfn, int trapno);
extern int __memory_failure(unsigned long pfn, int trapno, int flags);
extern void memory_failure_queue(unsigned long pfn, int trapno, int flags);
extern int unpoison_memory(unsigned long pfn);
extern int sysctl_memory_failure_early_kill;
extern int sysctl_memory_failure_recovery;
extern void shake_page(struct page *p, int access);
extern atomic_long_t mce_bad_pages;
extern int soft_offline_page(struct page *page, int flags);

extern void dump_page(struct page *page);

extern void clear_huge_page(struct page *page,
			    unsigned long addr,
			    unsigned int pages_per_huge_page);
extern void copy_user_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src,
				unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
				unsigned int pages_per_huge_page);

extern unsigned int _debug_guardpage_minorder;

static inline unsigned int debug_guardpage_minorder(void)
	return _debug_guardpage_minorder;

static inline bool page_is_guard(struct page *page)
	return test_bit(PAGE_DEBUG_FLAG_GUARD, &page->debug_flags);
static inline unsigned int debug_guardpage_minorder(void) { return 0; }
static inline bool page_is_guard(struct page *page) { return false; }

#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
#endif /* _LINUX_MM_H */