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 * Filesystem access notification for Linux
 *  Copyright (C) 2008 Red Hat, Inc., Eric Paris <>


#ifdef __KERNEL__

#include <linux/idr.h> /* inotify uses this */
#include <linux/fs.h> /* struct inode */
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/path.h> /* struct path */
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/types.h>

#include <linux/atomic.h>

 * IN_* from inotfy.h lines up EXACTLY with FS_*, this is so we can easily
 * convert between them.  dnotify only needs conversion at watch creation
 * so no perf loss there.  fanotify isn't defined yet, so it can use the
 * wholes if it needs more events.
#define FS_ACCESS		0x00000001	/* File was accessed */
#define FS_MODIFY		0x00000002	/* File was modified */
#define FS_ATTRIB		0x00000004	/* Metadata changed */
#define FS_CLOSE_WRITE		0x00000008	/* Writtable file was closed */
#define FS_CLOSE_NOWRITE	0x00000010	/* Unwrittable file closed */
#define FS_OPEN			0x00000020	/* File was opened */
#define FS_MOVED_FROM		0x00000040	/* File was moved from X */
#define FS_MOVED_TO		0x00000080	/* File was moved to Y */
#define FS_CREATE		0x00000100	/* Subfile was created */
#define FS_DELETE		0x00000200	/* Subfile was deleted */
#define FS_DELETE_SELF		0x00000400	/* Self was deleted */
#define FS_MOVE_SELF		0x00000800	/* Self was moved */

#define FS_UNMOUNT		0x00002000	/* inode on umount fs */
#define FS_Q_OVERFLOW		0x00004000	/* Event queued overflowed */
#define FS_IN_IGNORED		0x00008000	/* last inotify event here */

#define FS_OPEN_PERM		0x00010000	/* open event in an permission hook */
#define FS_ACCESS_PERM		0x00020000	/* access event in a permissions hook */

#define FS_EXCL_UNLINK		0x04000000	/* do not send events if object is unlinked */
#define FS_ISDIR		0x40000000	/* event occurred against dir */
#define FS_IN_ONESHOT		0x80000000	/* only send event once */

#define FS_DN_RENAME		0x10000000	/* file renamed */
#define FS_DN_MULTISHOT		0x20000000	/* dnotify multishot */

/* This inode cares about things that happen to its children.  Always set for
 * dnotify and inotify. */
#define FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD	0x08000000

/* This is a list of all events that may get sent to a parernt based on fs event
 * happening to inodes inside that directory */




struct fsnotify_group;
struct fsnotify_event;
struct fsnotify_mark;
struct fsnotify_event_private_data;

 * Each group much define these ops.  The fsnotify infrastructure will call
 * these operations for each relevant group.
 * should_send_event - given a group, inode, and mask this function determines
 *		if the group is interested in this event.
 * handle_event - main call for a group to handle an fs event
 * free_group_priv - called when a group refcnt hits 0 to clean up the private union
 * freeing-mark - this means that a mark has been flagged to die when everything
 *		finishes using it.  The function is supplied with what must be a
 *		valid group and inode to use to clean up.
struct fsnotify_ops {
	bool (*should_send_event)(struct fsnotify_group *group, struct inode *inode,
				  struct fsnotify_mark *inode_mark,
				  struct fsnotify_mark *vfsmount_mark,
				  __u32 mask, void *data, int data_type);
	int (*handle_event)(struct fsnotify_group *group,
			    struct fsnotify_mark *inode_mark,
			    struct fsnotify_mark *vfsmount_mark,
			    struct fsnotify_event *event);
	void (*free_group_priv)(struct fsnotify_group *group);
	void (*freeing_mark)(struct fsnotify_mark *mark, struct fsnotify_group *group);
	void (*free_event_priv)(struct fsnotify_event_private_data *priv);

 * A group is a "thing" that wants to receive notification about filesystem
 * events.  The mask holds the subset of event types this group cares about.
 * refcnt on a group is up to the implementor and at any moment if it goes 0
 * everything will be cleaned up.
struct fsnotify_group {
	 * How the refcnt is used is up to each group.  When the refcnt hits 0
	 * fsnotify will clean up all of the resources associated with this group.
	 * As an example, the dnotify group will always have a refcnt=1 and that
	 * will never change.  Inotify, on the other hand, has a group per
	 * inotify_init() and the refcnt will hit 0 only when that fd has been
	 * closed.
	atomic_t refcnt;		/* things with interest in this group */

	const struct fsnotify_ops *ops;	/* how this group handles things */

	/* needed to send notification to userspace */
	struct mutex notification_mutex;	/* protect the notification_list */
	struct list_head notification_list;	/* list of event_holder this group needs to send to userspace */
	wait_queue_head_t notification_waitq;	/* read() on the notification file blocks on this waitq */
	unsigned int q_len;			/* events on the queue */
	unsigned int max_events;		/* maximum events allowed on the list */
	 * Valid fsnotify group priorities.  Events are send in order from highest
	 * priority to lowest priority.  We default to the lowest priority.
	#define FS_PRIO_0	0 /* normal notifiers, no permissions */
	#define FS_PRIO_1	1 /* fanotify content based access control */
	#define FS_PRIO_2	2 /* fanotify pre-content access */
	unsigned int priority;

	/* stores all fastpath marks assoc with this group so they can be cleaned on unregister */
	spinlock_t mark_lock;		/* protect marks_list */
	atomic_t num_marks;		/* 1 for each mark and 1 for not being
					 * past the point of no return when freeing
					 * a group */
	struct list_head marks_list;	/* all inode marks for this group */

	/* groups can define private fields here or use the void *private */
	union {
		void *private;
		struct inotify_group_private_data {
			spinlock_t	idr_lock;
			struct idr      idr;
			u32             last_wd;
			struct fasync_struct    *fa;    /* async notification */
			struct user_struct      *user;
		} inotify_data;
		struct fanotify_group_private_data {
			/* allows a group to block waiting for a userspace response */
			struct mutex access_mutex;
			struct list_head access_list;
			wait_queue_head_t access_waitq;
			atomic_t bypass_perm;
			int f_flags;
			unsigned int max_marks;
			struct user_struct *user;
		} fanotify_data;
#endif /* CONFIG_FANOTIFY */

 * A single event can be queued in multiple group->notification_lists.
 * each group->notification_list will point to an event_holder which in turns points
 * to the actual event that needs to be sent to userspace.
 * Seemed cheaper to create a refcnt'd event and a small holder for every group
 * than create a different event for every group
struct fsnotify_event_holder {
	struct fsnotify_event *event;
	struct list_head event_list;

 * Inotify needs to tack data onto an event.  This struct lets us later find the
 * correct private data of the correct group.
struct fsnotify_event_private_data {
	struct fsnotify_group *group;
	struct list_head event_list;

 * all of the information about the original object we want to now send to
 * a group.  If you want to carry more info from the accessing task to the
 * listener this structure is where you need to be adding fields.
struct fsnotify_event {
	 * If we create an event we are also likely going to need a holder
	 * to link to a group.  So embed one holder in the event.  Means only
	 * one allocation for the common case where we only have one group
	struct fsnotify_event_holder holder;
	spinlock_t lock;	/* protection for the associated event_holder and private_list */
	/* to_tell may ONLY be dereferenced during handle_event(). */
	struct inode *to_tell;	/* either the inode the event happened to or its parent */
	 * depending on the event type we should have either a path or inode
	 * We hold a reference on path, but NOT on inode.  Since we have the ref on
	 * the path, it may be dereferenced at any point during this object's
	 * lifetime.  That reference is dropped when this object's refcnt hits
	 * 0.  If this event contains an inode instead of a path, the inode may
	 * ONLY be used during handle_event().
	union {
		struct path path;
		struct inode *inode;
/* when calling fsnotify tell it if the data is a path or inode */
	int data_type;		/* which of the above union we have */
	atomic_t refcnt;	/* how many groups still are using/need to send this event */
	__u32 mask;		/* the type of access, bitwise OR for FS_* event types */

	u32 sync_cookie;	/* used to corrolate events, namely inotify mv events */
	const unsigned char *file_name;
	size_t name_len;
	struct pid *tgid;

	__u32 response;	/* userspace answer to question */

	struct list_head private_data_list;	/* groups can store private data here */

 * Inode specific fields in an fsnotify_mark
struct fsnotify_inode_mark {
	struct inode *inode;		/* inode this mark is associated with */
	struct hlist_node i_list;	/* list of marks by inode->i_fsnotify_marks */
	struct list_head free_i_list;	/* tmp list used when freeing this mark */

 * Mount point specific fields in an fsnotify_mark
struct fsnotify_vfsmount_mark {
	struct vfsmount *mnt;		/* vfsmount this mark is associated with */
	struct hlist_node m_list;	/* list of marks by inode->i_fsnotify_marks */
	struct list_head free_m_list;	/* tmp list used when freeing this mark */

 * a mark is simply an object attached to an in core inode which allows an
 * fsnotify listener to indicate they are either no longer interested in events
 * of a type matching mask or only interested in those events.
 * these are flushed when an inode is evicted from core and may be flushed
 * when the inode is modified (as seen by fsnotify_access).  Some fsnotify users
 * (such as dnotify) will flush these when the open fd is closed and not at
 * inode eviction or modification.
struct fsnotify_mark {
	__u32 mask;			/* mask this mark is for */
	/* we hold ref for each i_list and g_list.  also one ref for each 'thing'
	 * in kernel that found and may be using this mark. */
	atomic_t refcnt;		/* active things looking at this mark */
	struct fsnotify_group *group;	/* group this mark is for */
	struct list_head g_list;	/* list of marks by group->i_fsnotify_marks */
	spinlock_t lock;		/* protect group and inode */
	union {
		struct fsnotify_inode_mark i;
		struct fsnotify_vfsmount_mark m;
	struct list_head free_g_list;	/* tmp list used when freeing this mark */
	__u32 ignored_mask;		/* events types to ignore */
	unsigned int flags;		/* vfsmount or inode mark? */
	struct list_head destroy_list;
	void (*free_mark)(struct fsnotify_mark *mark); /* called on final put+free */


/* called from the vfs helpers */

/* main fsnotify call to send events */
extern int fsnotify(struct inode *to_tell, __u32 mask, void *data, int data_is,
		    const unsigned char *name, u32 cookie);
extern int __fsnotify_parent(struct path *path, struct dentry *dentry, __u32 mask);
extern void __fsnotify_inode_delete(struct inode *inode);
extern void __fsnotify_vfsmount_delete(struct vfsmount *mnt);
extern u32 fsnotify_get_cookie(void);

static inline int fsnotify_inode_watches_children(struct inode *inode)
	/* FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD is set if the inode may care */
	if (!(inode->i_fsnotify_mask & FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD))
		return 0;
	/* this inode might care about child events, does it care about the
	 * specific set of events that can happen on a child? */
	return inode->i_fsnotify_mask & FS_EVENTS_POSS_ON_CHILD;

 * Update the dentry with a flag indicating the interest of its parent to receive
 * filesystem events when those events happens to this dentry->d_inode.
static inline void __fsnotify_update_dcache_flags(struct dentry *dentry)
	struct dentry *parent;


	 * Serialisation of setting PARENT_WATCHED on the dentries is provided
	 * by d_lock. If inotify_inode_watched changes after we have taken
	 * d_lock, the following __fsnotify_update_child_dentry_flags call will
	 * find our entry, so it will spin until we complete here, and update
	 * us with the new state.
	parent = dentry->d_parent;
	if (parent->d_inode && fsnotify_inode_watches_children(parent->d_inode))

 * fsnotify_d_instantiate - instantiate a dentry for inode
static inline void __fsnotify_d_instantiate(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode)
	if (!inode)


/* called from fsnotify listeners, such as fanotify or dnotify */

/* get a reference to an existing or create a new group */
extern struct fsnotify_group *fsnotify_alloc_group(const struct fsnotify_ops *ops);
/* drop reference on a group from fsnotify_alloc_group */
extern void fsnotify_put_group(struct fsnotify_group *group);

/* take a reference to an event */
extern void fsnotify_get_event(struct fsnotify_event *event);
extern void fsnotify_put_event(struct fsnotify_event *event);
/* find private data previously attached to an event and unlink it */
extern struct fsnotify_event_private_data *fsnotify_remove_priv_from_event(struct fsnotify_group *group,
									   struct fsnotify_event *event);

/* attach the event to the group notification queue */
extern struct fsnotify_event *fsnotify_add_notify_event(struct fsnotify_group *group,
							struct fsnotify_event *event,
							struct fsnotify_event_private_data *priv,
							struct fsnotify_event *(*merge)(struct list_head *,
											struct fsnotify_event *));
/* true if the group notification queue is empty */
extern bool fsnotify_notify_queue_is_empty(struct fsnotify_group *group);
/* return, but do not dequeue the first event on the notification queue */
extern struct fsnotify_event *fsnotify_peek_notify_event(struct fsnotify_group *group);
/* return AND dequeue the first event on the notification queue */
extern struct fsnotify_event *fsnotify_remove_notify_event(struct fsnotify_group *group);

/* functions used to manipulate the marks attached to inodes */

/* run all marks associated with a vfsmount and update mnt->mnt_fsnotify_mask */
extern void fsnotify_recalc_vfsmount_mask(struct vfsmount *mnt);
/* run all marks associated with an inode and update inode->i_fsnotify_mask */
extern void fsnotify_recalc_inode_mask(struct inode *inode);
extern void fsnotify_init_mark(struct fsnotify_mark *mark, void (*free_mark)(struct fsnotify_mark *mark));
/* find (and take a reference) to a mark associated with group and inode */
extern struct fsnotify_mark *fsnotify_find_inode_mark(struct fsnotify_group *group, struct inode *inode);
/* find (and take a reference) to a mark associated with group and vfsmount */
extern struct fsnotify_mark *fsnotify_find_vfsmount_mark(struct fsnotify_group *group, struct vfsmount *mnt);
/* copy the values from old into new */
extern void fsnotify_duplicate_mark(struct fsnotify_mark *new, struct fsnotify_mark *old);
/* set the ignored_mask of a mark */
extern void fsnotify_set_mark_ignored_mask_locked(struct fsnotify_mark *mark, __u32 mask);
/* set the mask of a mark (might pin the object into memory */
extern void fsnotify_set_mark_mask_locked(struct fsnotify_mark *mark, __u32 mask);
/* attach the mark to both the group and the inode */
extern int fsnotify_add_mark(struct fsnotify_mark *mark, struct fsnotify_group *group,
			     struct inode *inode, struct vfsmount *mnt, int allow_dups);
/* given a mark, flag it to be freed when all references are dropped */
extern void fsnotify_destroy_mark(struct fsnotify_mark *mark);
/* run all the marks in a group, and clear all of the vfsmount marks */
extern void fsnotify_clear_vfsmount_marks_by_group(struct fsnotify_group *group);
/* run all the marks in a group, and clear all of the inode marks */
extern void fsnotify_clear_inode_marks_by_group(struct fsnotify_group *group);
/* run all the marks in a group, and clear all of the marks where mark->flags & flags is true*/
extern void fsnotify_clear_marks_by_group_flags(struct fsnotify_group *group, unsigned int flags);
/* run all the marks in a group, and flag them to be freed */
extern void fsnotify_clear_marks_by_group(struct fsnotify_group *group);
extern void fsnotify_get_mark(struct fsnotify_mark *mark);
extern void fsnotify_put_mark(struct fsnotify_mark *mark);
extern void fsnotify_unmount_inodes(struct list_head *list);

/* put here because inotify does some weird stuff when destroying watches */
extern struct fsnotify_event *fsnotify_create_event(struct inode *to_tell, __u32 mask,
						    void *data, int data_is,
						    const unsigned char *name,
						    u32 cookie, gfp_t gfp);

/* fanotify likes to change events after they are on lists... */
extern struct fsnotify_event *fsnotify_clone_event(struct fsnotify_event *old_event);
extern int fsnotify_replace_event(struct fsnotify_event_holder *old_holder,
				  struct fsnotify_event *new_event);


static inline int fsnotify(struct inode *to_tell, __u32 mask, void *data, int data_is,
			   const unsigned char *name, u32 cookie)
	return 0;

static inline int __fsnotify_parent(struct path *path, struct dentry *dentry, __u32 mask)
	return 0;

static inline void __fsnotify_inode_delete(struct inode *inode)

static inline void __fsnotify_vfsmount_delete(struct vfsmount *mnt)

static inline void __fsnotify_update_dcache_flags(struct dentry *dentry)

static inline void __fsnotify_d_instantiate(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode)

static inline u32 fsnotify_get_cookie(void)
	return 0;

static inline void fsnotify_unmount_inodes(struct list_head *list)

#endif	/* CONFIG_FSNOTIFY */

#endif	/* __KERNEL __ */